Ijtihad

> Islamic Law Texts: This English translation of the Ottoman Civil Code was adopted in many parts of the Middle East during and immediately after the British and French colonization. This document includes a listing of the declarations of juridical principles upon which the developers of the Turkish Code relied. This legal opinions are seen to be representative of classical Sunni (Hanafi)  jurisprudence. (English)

View the html files of OCC online: The above document (Ottoman Civil Code) is also made available via this link as html pages. (English)

> Islamic Law According to the Ja`fari School of Jurisprudence: A compilation of the laws and rules governing ibadat and mu`amalat according to the Ja`fari (aka Imami) school of jurisprudence.  this is a great reference for scholars and students doing comparative work in Islamic law.  (English)

> Comparative Islamic law: Islamic Law According to Five Schools of the Jurisprudence: Islamic law as expressed in the literature of the Shafi`i, Maliki, Hanbali, Hanafi, and Ja`fari schools of law. (third-party resource; this resource is not part of SIME content; we have no control over its content)

> Qur'ān (Text, Translations, and Commentaries): English translation of the Qur'ān. You can compare among three different translations, select any given verse, or view the translation of each chapter. (English Translations)

> Qur'an and its Interpretations: This collection of traditional opinions regarding the Qur'an and its interpretations, even though it is the work of Ja`fari scholarship, it is very representative of other Muslim schools of thoughts.  It is an "authentic" (authentic in that it is written for the adherents) point of view especially for scholars and students who are more interested in studying the Muslim traditions in its milieu of influence. Also you may access a commentary on some of the chapters at The Qur'an and its Interpretations. (Arabic and English translations)

> Nahj al-Balaghah: The most important work of al-Radi is the compilation of selected sermons, letters and sayings of 'Ali. He selected 241 sermons, 79 letters, and 489 sayings. Those numbers vary in different editions of Nahj al- Balaghah. The number of sermons is numbered 238 to 241 whereas the number of letters is 77 to 79, the sayings on the other hand are numbered 463 to 489. Al-Radi, in the introduction toNahjal-Balaghah, gives an account of the circumstances that led him to compile the utterances and writings of Imam 'Ali. According to this account, while busy in writing Khasa'is al-A'immah he planned to devote the last part of the book to the sayings and writings of Amir al- Mu'minin. This translation is intended to provide scholars with access to one of the most authoritative collection attributed to Ali Ibn Abi Talib. (English transtaltion)

> Introduction to Islam from Muslims Point view:  Instructors of introductory courses on Islam in Western universities have tried to strike a balance between teaching Islam as a academic and social phenomenon while presenting it as social force that continue to shape modern Muslim communities.  Many scholars sought to establish that balance by inviting Muslim Imams to present in their classrooms; this online collection is intended to complement those efforts and offer students an immediate resource for comparison as it is presented by Muslims about their own faith and practices. (English)

> Religious Authority & Political Leadership:  This text is a recent authoritative and normative analysis of the emerging Political leadership and the classical religious authority as seen by Shi`ite scholar Grand Ayatollah al-Haeri. (Arabic)

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